کاربرد تحریک الکتریکی (tES) و تحریک مغناطیسیی (TMS) مغز در درمان اعتیاد
پزوهش های مورد بررسی، جهت استفاده گسترده تر از این روش نوین
درمانی نیاز به بررسی های بیشتر در این
زمینه وجود دارد
آشنایی با آلزایمر و نشانه های آن
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rTMS و ترک سیگار
Effects of rTMS on Cigarette Smoking and Cognition in Schizophrenia (rTMSsmokelab)
Cigarette smoking rates are extremely high in persons with schizophrenia and this increases the risk of disease and death due to tobacco-related disorders. One of the features of schizophrenia is reduced cognitive abilities, such as poor attention and memory. It is thought that people with schizophrenia smoke cigarettes to reduce these cognitive problems, as nicotine can improve cognitive function in these people. When people with schizophrenia stop smoking it causes further cognitive difficulties, which makes quitting harder for them compared to people without schizophrenia. A method called repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) allows clinicians to give repeated magnetic pulses through the scalp to cause changes in brain activity and behaviour. rTMS can improve cognitive function in people with schizophrenia. Studies have also shown that rTMS can reduce tobacco craving and consumption of cigarettes. Therefore, we believe that rTMS will improve the cognitive deficits observed during cigarette smoking abstinence and help reduce cravings for cigarettes. Ultimately, rTMS may help smokers with schizophrenia who can\'t quit smoking with available treatments. This study will the effect of rTMS on tobacco cravings and cognitive problems produced by overnight abstinence from cigarette smoking in persons with schizophrenia in comparison to people without mental illness who smoke. Important information about the potential of rTMS for the treatment of cognitive deficits and tobacco addiction in schizophrenia will be obtained. Providing more effective smoking cessation treatments in people with schizophrenia may lead to improved physical and mental health for these patients, who are extremely susceptible to tobacco addiction and tobacco-related illness.
تاثیر نوروفیدبک بر بهبود عملکرد ورزشکاران
To foster performance across all levels of sports practice, physical training has been integrated with various mental training practices. Recently, an integrative approach to neurocognitive enhancement tried to combine the strengths of mental practices (i.e. mindfulness) and of training with neurofeedback devices. Based on previous validation studies showing the effect of a combined mindfulness–neurofeedback program on neurocognitive efficiency and stress/anxiety levels, we aimed at testing the feasibility and potential of that intensive combined program for improving psychological well-being and attention regulation in sport contexts. 50 participants (sportspeople and volunteers not regularly involved in sports) were divided into groups undergoing experimental and active control training programs. The experimental one was based on breathing-awareness practices supported by a wearable neurofeedback, while the active control one included only breathing practices. Before and after training participants underwent standardized neuropsychological and electrophysiological assessment. Data analysis highlighted a significant reduction of response times and false alarms at computerized cognitive tasks in sportspeople who completed the training, as well as a consistent improvement of the N2 event-related potential — a marker of attention regulation processes. We have also observed a general reduction of perceived stress and increased ability to keep a non-evaluative stance. Findings extend available observations on cognitive and neural effects of combined mindfulness–neurofeedback practice by showing that it is possible to observe training effects even after a limited period of practice among sportspeople. Such early training effects might mirror optimized implicit learning curves due to peculiar sensitivity to bodily signals and awareness.
کاربرد tDCS در درمان اضطراب
درمان اضطراب های روانی در مراحل پیشرفته، به کمک دستگاه tDCS در کمترین زمان ارائه می گردد.
اضطراب، یکی از شایع ترین مشکلات روانشناختی است که معمولاً در کنار اکثر مشکلات روانی دیگر دیده می شود و یک حالت مکمل به آن ها می دهد.
اضطراب و سلول های آسیب دیده مغزی، به کمک دستگاه tDCS و تحریک فراجمجمه ای مغزی قابل احیا هستند و این تحریکات سبب می شوند که سلول های سالم مغزی به کمک سلول های آسیب دیده شتافته و با ایجاد اتصالات جدید، آن ها را درمان کنند.
دریافت درمان به کمک دستگاه tDCS یکی از بهترین درمان های روانشناختی می باشد که در عین زودبازده بودن، بی خطر نیز هست.